January 31st 2022.
Next club meeting Monday 7th February 2022.
· Subject – Short Talks By Club Members.
Monday 7th March 2022
· Club Auction - for members only
Monday 4th April 2022.
· A London Bestiary By Gerry Buddle
Meetings are held at the Abbey Baptist Church, Abbey Square, commencing at 7.00 p.m.
Please bring your Auction lots for March along to the next meeting and give them to Ian, together with a list of the items,
· any reserves and – most importantly – some form of identification and an e-mail address if you’ve got one, so Ian knows who the lots belong to. Close of play at the February meeting is the deadline for entering lots into the auction, they must be handed to Ian by then.
· There will be a maximum of 200 lots. Poor specimen, junk lots and lots with unrealistic reserves will be reviewed by committee to decide if there is a realistic chance of their sale so be aware such lots may not make it into the auction. Reserves will be shown. Lots will not be graded – it is up to the buyer to determine the grade. It is ‘buyer beware’ when bidding for the auction lots and no responsibility is accepted by the club or auctioneer.
As a precaution, due to the high level of COVID infection and having been notified of several people who would NOT be attending the January meeting, the committee took the decision to cancel the meeting.
Interestingly, of the people who were consulted, several were happy to go ahead with the meeting but it seemed to us that we were at the highest point of the current wave and that the audience for the member’s short talks would have been much smaller than normal, which would have been a great shame.
We apologise for any inconvenience caused and fully expect the February meeting to go ahead, hopefully with a full audience for the talks.
Mick’s proposed talk for February has been postponed till July.
We have been fortunate to find some short articles, both on Ancients, to add to the newsletter in place of the normal meeting report, starting with one from Graham.
Terra cotta lamps start to carry the inscription “Happy New Year to you and me” appearing in an abbreviated form. The lamps are New Year’s gifts, and the goddess of victory and the emperor’s shield have become the bearers of personal greetings and private aspirations. Coins scattered in the picture field leave no doubt that the wishes are meant in a quite material sense. No wonder the same motif also appears on the Roman equivalent of piggy banks!
The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus by Paul Zanker The University of Michigan Press 1990 P274/5
And then a follow up to Peter’s talk from a couple of months ago.
Birds on Imperial Roman coins (Part 2)
In the July 2021 Newsletter, I explained the popularity of eagles and peacocks in the Roman Imperial series, and probably gave the impression that that was that. It’s certainly true that animals were more popular with bears, antelopes, famously the wolf who protected Romulus and Remus, and so on.
However, the Emperor Domitian had a Semis (half an As) minted in Rome in AD85 with the reverse depicting a Raven standing on branch. Semis were not common and rarely survive. The Reverse inscription is S C (Senatus Consultum – decree of the Senate).
Between the rule of Domitian to Antoninus Pius (ca. AD80-160) there were issues of anonymous Quadrantes (quarter of an As), especially portraying Owls.
But the most common ‘bird’ representation was that of the phoenix, especially in the years AD348-350. At that time two new coins, called Centenionales, were minted with the inscription on the reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATIO.
The larger coin shows a Roman soldier spearing a fallen barbarian horseman. These are very common. The smaller coin (below) had a phoenix mounted on a globe. The most common translation of the reverse legend is ‘Happy days are here again’ – making the phoenix version a slightly less bloodthirsty representation. Neither the coin series, nor the ‘happy days’, lasted very long, with Constantius II quickly disposing of co-rulers. He was succeeded by his cousin, Julian II in AD361, who died in battle with the Persians in AD363.
Constantius II ½ Centenionalis. Mint of Cyzicus
Answers to Gavin’s Quiz
1. When was BRITT.OMN dropped from British coins? 1954
2. What is a Bawbee? Scottish billon 6d.
3. Give the English translation of S.R.I.A. T ET E. Clue: It is the abbreviation in Latin of one of George III’s titles High Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.
4. Which Country uses Laris? Maldives.
5. What was the first country to own plant for coining by steam? Russia 1799 (Boulton)
6. What is the connection between the 18th Century surgeon William Hunter and Numismatics? His coin collection was acquired by Glasgow University in 1783 and subsequently by the Hunterian Museum.
7. When did New Zealand start to issue its own 1d and 2d? 1940 (George VI).
8. What is the French equivalent of Pfennig and Penny? Denier.
9. Until what year were French titles and arms retained on English coins? 1800.
10. Who modelled for St George on Pistrucci’s crowns of George III? An Italian servant at Brunel’s Hotel, Leicester Square.
11. Which British Monarch issued coins in 1510? Henry VIII.
12. Which modern English coins have a George and Dragon facing left on the reverse? 1935 Silver Jubilee Crown.
13. What change was made to the florin after 1867? BRIT to BRITT (correct plural abbreviation).
14. Name three towns issuing Civil War Siege Pieces in England. Three from: Carlisle, Colchester, Newark, Pontefract, Scarborough
15. Which town used the mintmark D on French coins? Lyon.
16. A bust of a bare headed man appears on which modern British coins? Churchill crown 1965.
17. When and where were “Hard Times Tokens” issued as temporary currency or political cartoons? USA 1832 – 44.
18. Where have cents been used other than in USA and British colonies or former colonies? For example, any one of China, Philippines, Cuba, Liberia.
19. Which modern coin has a thrift plant on the reverse? George VI brass 3d.
20. Who issued coins with a VOC monogram? Dutch East India Company.
· 10 years ago – Short Talks by members.
· 20 years ago – Club Auction
· 50 years ago – “The Coinage of the Napoleonic Family” – Andre DeClermont